Study In Canada
Canada is pristine and absolutely gorgeous. It is a romantic place relatively unpopulated, civilized, clean and resourceful country. It has high standard of life, and has no big security problems. Its society is truly open to all cultures and religions which are reflected in its acceptance of various students and migrants. It is in a position to provide substantial comfort to its people who are in harmony with their national traditions and ideals. It has glory of land and matchless scenery. It is a land characterized by battling and surviving nature, and of blizzards, stinging snow and below zero temperatures. The people are generally peaceful. It has a mighty expanse and the people are aspiring cultured cooperative and generous. Canadians speak without fear, worship in their own way, stand for what they think right and oppose the wrong, and a country upholding the heritage of freedom. Canada’s government is a democratic constitutional monarchy, with a Sovereign as head of State. The nation also has an elected Prime Minister as head of Government.
Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (States) and as such, there is no Federal (Central) education system in Canada. In keeping with the national commitment to education, public education in Canada is free up to and including secondary school ( 12th Std), in all the provinces. At the post-secondary level, institutions are divided into community colleges and universities. A significant number of university graduates attend college upon completion of their degree in order to acquire vocational skills for employment.
Canada emphasizes so much on education so that it normally takes a lengthy while to finish any course in Canada, leaving apart Postgraduate Diploma and Master’s programs. There are usually 7 levels of education in Canada upon completion of higher secondary education. They are.
- Certificate : 1 year duration
- Diploma: 1-2 years duration.
- Advanced Diploma: 3 years duration
- Bachelor Degree: 4 years duration
- Post graduate Diploma: 2 years in which last 16 weeks will be for practical industrial education.
- Masters degree: 2 years with full fledged theoretical learning.
- PhD: 4-6 years duration.
Types of Institutions in Canada
- Career Colleges
- Community Colleges
- University Colleges
Technical / Career Colleges :
These are privately owned and operated with the main objective of preparing students for the job market after a short period of instruction. The emphasis at career colleges is on practical skills over a broad range of programmes.
Community Colleges & Technical Institutes :
They typically have more career oriented, practical / technical related curricula, with small classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to class room space, and an interactive teaching style.
University Colleges :
As a component of the Canadian University system, University Colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates.
Canadian Universities are largely public funded and as a result, offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for International students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees from Undergraduate to Doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees. Class sizes in universities are generally large.
Movement to Canada and US when compared with UK is easier. USA academics and administrators have picked up on the UK’s problems in this regard quickly and have responded to the emerging issues in a big way.
Earlier the UK’s main competitors for international students were USA and Australia, but now they are diverse and give a wide range of courses which have an international standard and are taught in English.
Canada’s universities have the strength of their high quality and have earned an international reputation for excellence. The universities have a long and standard record of providing great education to students from around the world. It reflects rich history where many cultures and traditions mix well and provide various opportunities and educational settings. They are known for providing a full spectrum of programs, with distinguished faculty undertaking studies and research. There are specialized professional programs related to business, engineering, management, art, computer sciences, health sciences, law, ocean studies, design, and many more.
They impart new skills, brighten job prospects and serve as a platform for higher salaries. Its university education lasts a lifetime.
|Emily Carr University of Art + Design||12500|
|Kwantlen Polytechnic University||15000|
|Royal Roads University||16000|
|Simon Fraser University||16236|
|The University of British Columbia||21701 – 22622|
|Thompson Rivers University||13800|
|Trinity Western University||$22260|
|University of Northern British Columbia||10624 – 16528|
|University of the Fraser Valley||12720|
|University of Victoria||16045|
|Vancouver Island University||12500|
|Athabasca University||9440 – 10490|
|Concordia University College of Alberta||11020|
|Mount Royal University||11011|
|The King’s University College||9920|
|The University of Lethbridge||11150|
|University of Alberta||18318|
|University of Calgary||18157|
|Campion College||See the University of Regina|
|Luther College||See the University of Regina|
|St. Thomas More College||See the University of Saskatchewan|
|University of Regina||15930|
|University of Saskatchewan||13182 – 13806|
|Canadian Mennonite University||11400|
|The University of Winnipeg||11284|
|Université de Saint-Boniface||7465 – 9308|
|University of Manitoba||11278|
|Algoma University||12527 – 13250|
|Brescia University College||See Western University|
|Carleton University||17157 – 19698|
|Dominican College of Philosophy and Theology (Dominican University College)||5000|
|Huron University College||See Western University|
|King’s University College (King’s University College at Western University)||See Western University|
|Laurentian University of Sudbury||15535 – 15979|
|McMaster University||15239 – 19000|
|Nipissing University||11500 – 14500|
|OCAD University||17190 – 17190|
|Queen’s University at Kingston (Queen’s University)||19522 – 22249|
|Redeemer University College|
|Royal Military College of Canada||17500|
|Saint Paul University||9836|
|St. Jerome’s University||See the University of Waterloo|
|Trent University||15856 – 16045|
|University of Guelph||9730 – 17430|
|University of Ontario Institute of Technology||15916 – 15992|
|University of Ottawa||18446|
|University of St. Michael’s College||See the University of Toronto|
|University of Sudbury||See Laurentian University|
|University of Toronto||23586 – 28409|
|University of Trinity College||See the University of Toronto|
|University of Waterloo||19214 – 21088|
|University of Windsor||15460 – 16370|
|Victoria University||See the University of Toronto|
|Western University||16479 – 18113|
|Wilfrid Laurier University||16484 – 20804|
|York University||16968 – 17103|
|Bishop’s University||14815 – 16513|
|École de technologiesupérieure||16504 – 16513|
|École des HautesÉtudesCommerciales de Montréal (HEC Montréal)||14815 – 16513|
|ÉcolePolytechnique de Montréal||16513|
|Institut national de la recherchescientifique||0|
|McGill University||14816 – 28383|
|Université de Montréal||14816|
|Université de Sherbrooke||14815|
|Université du Québec à Chicoutimi||14816 – 16513|
|Université du Québec à Montréal||14816|
|Université du Québec à Rimouski||14816|
|Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières||14816|
|Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue||15429|
|Université du Québec en Outaouais||14816|
|Mount Allison University||14900|
|St. Thomas University||12855|
|Université de Moncton||8972|
|University of New Brunswick||12982|
|Cape Breton University||12130|
|Mount Saint Vincent University||11565|
|Nova Scotia College of Art and Design (NSCAD University)||12864|
|Saint Mary’s University||11960|
|St. Francis Xavier University||13166|
|University of King’s College||14358 – 15219|
|Memorial University of Newfoundland||8800|
|University of Prince Edward Island||11150|
Information for international students interested in being considered for a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
The Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships (CGS) program offers grants to top-notch doctoral scholars, who demonstrate a high standard of scholarly achievement in graduate studies in health, Engineering, natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, as well as in leadership skills. Canada’s three federal granting agencies, Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), guide, support and provide tools needed to administer and promote the Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships program.
Students from any part of the world can apply for this Scholarship. Qualified students will be awarded $50,000 per year, for up to three years. Every year, 500 International students are getting benefited by this award.
The information regarding the nomination process is below.
- Students who are applying for the scholarship should be nominated by Canadian universities those are having a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships program quota. For this, International students should identify the Canadian Universities, which are having a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships program quota and contact the concerned department regarding their wish to study and their interest in the Scholarship. Students are asked to emphasize their strengths and weaknesses and also how are they going to help for the program.
- It is quite tough to contact these Canadian Universities during summers. For this reason, it is recommended to include other university parties like Graduate Program Director, Department Chair/Director etc in to the loop, especially if you are communicating via e-mail.
- First the Universities will commence their nomination process, which generally begins in September; however, at some Universities this preliminary assessment may start earlier. After this filtration, the selected nominees are then sent to the appropriate federal granting agency for final consideration for an award.
- For University nomination process, applicants need to submit the following:
- Past academic results, awards and distinctions
- Proof of relevant academic and professional experience, including their contribution in preparing publications, paper presentations, conferences, potential leadership ability, research training, etc.
- Two written evaluations from referees.
- Some Universities require additional supporting materials. Hence it is good to contact University on these.
- Also applicants need to meet the entrance examination requirements like proficiency with the language levels etc;
- Incomplete applications and applications with errors will be rejected.
Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships Program Timeline
- Spring/summer: International students contact Canadian university with a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships program quota, expressing interest in applying for a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship at that university.
- September: Canadian university classes resume after summer vacation.
- September/October: University nomination process takes place for the scholarships. Before that, applicants submit properly filled Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships program application, including supporting documents to the university department.
- November: Official Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship program nominations deadline is November 6, 2009. Universities submit nominations to federal granting agencies for final selection process.
- Spring following year: Announcement of Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship award recipients.
- May, September or the following January: Tenure of the award may begin.
Limited scholarships will be awarded to the brilliant applicants who excel academically and have a poor dispensation. A fee reduction Up to £1000 tuition fee per year is available.
The conditions include holding a letter of offer for an undergraduate program within the School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, before 30th June 2013, paying their own tuition fees, passing in first attempt and maintaining 65% marks. Outline the financial circumstances academic strengths and the purpose behind studying at Herriot-Watt University.
Cumulative learning in four years of engineering came handy and a good academic score is important.
|Program||Managed / Funded by|
|Banting Postdoctoral Fellowships||Government of Canada|
|CIFAR Global Scholars||Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)|
|CIHR Fellowship||Canadian Institutes of Health Research|
|IDRC Doctoral Research Awards||International Development Research Centre (IDRC)|
|IDRC Research Awards||International Development Research Centre (IDRC)|
|Industrial Postgraduate Scholarships Program||Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)|
|Industrial Research and Development Internship (IRDI) Program||Networks of Centres of Excellence of Canada|
|Research Associate Program||National Research Council Canada|
|Sauvé Scholars Program||Jeanne Sauvé Youth Fondation|
|Strategic Training Initiative in Health Research (STIHR)||Canadian Institutes of Health Research|
|The Bentley Cropping Systems Fellowship||International Development Research Centre (IDRC)|
|Trudeau Fellowships||Trudeau Foundation|
|Trudeau Scholarships||Trudeau Foundation|
|Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships||Government of Canada|
|Visiting Fellowships in Canadian Government Laboratories Program||Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)|
Part time Employment opportunities
Canada provides a lot of part time job opportunities for students who fly in from other countries to pursue their higher education. There is no dearth for part time jobs in Canada. Students can work for 20 hours a week during classes’ times and up to 40 hours a week during vacations. They get paid around 20 Canadian dollars an hour.
Full time Employment opportunities
Canadian government is extremely fond of immigrants and that is why, there are no restrictions or limitations regarding the free flowing of immigrants into the country to work, live and make a living. Any student who finished 2 years of study will be provided with 3 years of work permit, though the student is unable to produce a job offer from any employer. This provides the leverage for the students to stay there once they finish their education and search for jobs.
CO-OPERATIVE WORK PERMIT:
Co-op is a work term provided as part and parcel of the course curriculum. It provides an excellent opportunity to students to gain first hand practical experience related to the field of specialization. Students can gain on-the-job experience while continuing to study. Co-op provides full time opportunities that last for 12 to 17 weeks.
Co-Operative work programmes, combine courses in many subjects with relevant work, giving students on invaluable head start with their careers. This assists International students in connecting with the Canadian job market and developing a network with the Canadian companies.
WORK DURING STUDIES:
International students can work on campus while studying without a work permit. But for this they:
- Should either hold a valid study permit (or)
- Should be registered as a full-time student at any Canadian private institute authorized by provincial state, (or) any private post-secondary institute that operates under the same rules and regulations as a public institute (or) any public post-secondary institution (College, University, CEGEP).
To work off-campus while studying, International students must have a work permit or they should be registered as a full-time student for an approved program at an eligible privately funded institution or at a participating publicly funded post-secondary educational institution.
Otherwise International students are allowed to work up to 20 hours per week on campus for the first 6 months and thereafter can work off-campus up to 20 hours per week. They can earn approximately C$ 6 – C$ 10 per hour. Students can work full – time off campus during co-op terms, amounting between C$ 400 to C$ 1,000 per month.
To obtain a valid study permit, students should have been accepted by a school, college, university or other Canadian educational institution.
You have to provide proof in the form of bank statements, receipts or certificates that you have enough money to pay for:
- Your tuition
- Living expenses for you and any accompanying family members
- Return transportation to your home country for you and any accompanying family members
- You don’t have a criminal record and are not a security risk.
- You are in good health.
- You can prove that you will leave Canada once you have completed your studies.
Internships and Co-op Programs
International students who are looking to gain hands-on work experience while going to school can go for Internship or Co-op programs.
Typically students spend alternate semesters spending in the classroom and then applying that knowledge through on the job work in their field of study.
Internships or Co-op programs are an excellent way to make money for each upcoming school semester, and to bolster your resume with work experience and with invaluable business contacts.
Work in Canada after graduation:
International students graduating from a program of 2 years or more in length would be eligible for a 2 year work permit after graduation. However, this is applicable if the student has studied in cities other than Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal and is also employed outside this area. In these 3 cities, students are eligible for a 1 year work permit after graduation. The experience gained would provide them an opportunity to work in an international setting and at the same time allow them to earn the money invested.
Following are the different ways in which International students can obtain work after graduation studies.
Post-graduation Work Program
- The program allows Canadian graduates to gain valuable work experience for the length of the study up to a maximum period of three years. Students are eligible if:
- They hold a valid study permit (or)
- If they have received an acknowledgement that they are qualified to obtain certificate, diploma, or degree (or)
- Their study program was at least 8 months long (or)
- Students should be graduated from a public post-secondary institution or from a private institution authorized by provincial statute to confer degrees (or)
- Students should study full time in Canada.
Canadian Experience Class
This program allows International students who have graduated from a participating Canadian post-secondary institution to apply for a permanent stay in Canada.
Below are the eligibility criteria:
- Students should be in a position to contribute to the Canadian economy,
- Should possess qualifying work experience,
- Should be able to communicate in English or in French,
- Should be familiar with Canadian Society
- Should have completed an independent language assessment
- Work experience should be gained by proper work or study authorization
Provincial Nominee Program
Through this program, International students who are graduated from a participating Canadian post-secondary institution can apply for a permanent residency. Students ought to be nominated by a Canadian province or territory in order to become permanent residents of Canada.
Below are the eligibility criteria:
- Students should clear all the criminal checks and security checks.
- They should clear all the medical checkups.
- Students should fill a separate application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada for permanent residence.
Canada is an international leader in computers, networking, wireless communications and has a reputation of excellence in sectors such as telecommunications transportation, engineering, micro electronics, hydroelectric power, biotechnology, food & beverage processing, geometrics, ocean & environmental industries, aerospace etc. Some top Canadian companies, recognized worldwide are Black Berry, IMAX, BATA, Corel etc. The Gourmand Report ranked 18 of North America’s top 40 Electrical Engineering Faculties in Canada. The Global Competitiveness Report 2000 ranked Canada 1st in Knowledge workers.
A work Permit allows an eligible visitor to reside and work in Canada for a limited period of time, and restrictions are usually placed on the type of employment which can be pursued. One can apply for a work permit form outside Canada only if one has a job offer from a Canadian employer though it will not, by itself, lead to a Canadian Permanent Resident status. Work permit is not an immigration document as it does not permit to live in Canada permanently. In order to live permanently in Canada you must qualify under an immigration category such as a skilled worker.