Germany, officially called as the Federal Republic of Germany is located in western-central Europe. It is a federal parliamentary republic. Germany consists of 16 states and the capital is Berlin. Also Berlin is considered to be the largest City in Germany. Germany’s area is 3, 57,021 square kilometers. Its climate is temperate seasonal climate. Its population is nearly 80.3 millions.
It is a developed country with a very high standard of living.
Germany has the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product). It is the second-largest exporter and third-largest importer of goods. Germany is famous for its political and rich cultural history.
The land has produced many music composers, influential philosophers, inventors, and scientists. Germany is a strong power in global and regional affairs. It is a member of the Council of Europe, OECD, the G20, NATO, and the United Nations.
German is the official language here. Christianity is the official religion. Euro is the official currency.
Do you know that about a quarter of all American citizens claim at least partial German ancestry?
Germany has nearly 700 Zoos, safari parks, animal reserves, bird parks, aquariums, wildlife parks, including 414 registered zoos)! Zoologischer Garten in Berlin’s is the largest zoo in the world.
The Fairy Grottoes, Thuringia, are the world’s most colorful caves and a must visited place in Germany.
Germany as a single state was good at governance. It has a record of being a strong and major player in Europe for centuries. At first there was a public alliance between the pope and the ruler of a confederation of Germanic tribes. The concept of hold, of political power reflects the reality of the west. This concept played an important role throughout the Middle Ages as it does now. It was a centre of Christian learningon the one hand and seat of kingsextending their territories on the other.
Improvement of administration, primacy of education, promotion of classical culture, renewal of intellectual and artistic life and cultural revival has marked its journey so far. The people have always appealed for a strong German ruler. Its will and strategies were always strong. It had flair for powerful battles, and set new standards. This sense of power, aided with a desire to succeed in all ventures gives Germany great prestige.
They have been guided by aggressive partnerships and an atmosphere of national achievement which has given them the best of results in the past and continues to do so in the present day Europe. Germany as a nation is hungry for success on the international stage than others and has asserted its leadership internationally. As a result it has high class research, development and industrial powerhouse. Its efficiency is unquestionable and it aims at perfection in all walks of life.
The responsibility for the German education system is majorly with the states where the federal government plays a minor role. The education system differs from one state to another state in Germany because each state is having its own educational policies.
Many of Germany’s institutes of higher learning charge little or no tuition. Students need to prove that they are qualified through their examinations.
To enter university students have to pass the Arbiter examination. Those who wish to attend a “university of applied sciences” must have Arbiter or a Meisterbrief.
An apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung provides students for vocational courses an opportunity to do an in-service training in either a company or in a state school.
Most of the German universities offer Bachelors, Diploma, Masters, and Magister or doctorate courses. It is advisable to contact the International Office/ Student Advice Office at the university direct to enquire about the degrees offered by the University.
Student Services organizations at the University offer a package of Service Sets to foreign students which can be booked through Internet before your arrival. This includes food, accommodation and health insurance.
In the big industrial and university cities the rent can be quite expensive. Residential homes are also provided by the university and are in great demand.
German Universities are inspired by the conviction that the pursuit of knowledge engages all human faculties and contributes greatly to the humanization of society. They promote knowledge and secure the future of comprehensive education and give an impetus to reform and strive for Excellence. They facilitate scholarly and scientific achievements and critically examine established knowledge for the benefit of society. They work here should have determination and the capability to advance knowledge and to take responsibility for its application. They demonstrate Social responsibility and Cultural Presence The ideal of the coexistence of research and teaching is a model for universities.
They promote social and communicative competence, support modern initiatives and assume responsibility. They demand an active engagement in knowledge involving critical assessment of implications. The goal of any program is acquisition of disciplinary excellence, educating a person, with an outlook of reliability, efficiency, and curiosity. Every student is a contributor to the society.
Overseas Studying requires a commitment to know the latest advances in knowledge. Therefore, a continuous revision of content and curriculum is a mission with the universities. The teachers are independent and creative and work on strategies. Conducting research is an innovative force behind all scholarly endeavors which keeps knowledge alive, facilitating creativity and productivity. The researchers have potential and are a source for the renewal and revision of knowledge. They Maintain contact with alumni and build an extensive network. They efficiently meet the modern challenges and have complete transparency in administrative process. There is a continuous process of reform.
They have a Cosmopolitan nature and are meeting places for many different life styles and cultures. The diversity of students and stimulating surroundings create a productive atmosphere, which promotes their talent and vision. They have a multifaceted and richly structured landscape and unique artistic and scientific collections. They carry to future the concepts of educating and enquiring minds, and boost the individualistic openness. Investing all energy in excellent research and teaching they promote young talents and influence the society in a big way. Germany has a history rooted in nearly seven centuries of professional academics. It trained loyal officials and churchmen without draining resources. Germany had dozens of venerable institutions respected by local population for centuries. They gave a sense of pride, connection and entitlement.
During the past eight years, university tuition fees were introduced in federal states. Yet in a few months, these will be abolished. Seven out of 10 states in Germany had introduced fees. This policy was comprehensively overturned and the only state charging tuition fees in 2014 is Lower Saxony.
German Institutes of higher education host about 1.98 million students, out of which 48% are women. On a whole, there are 376 higher education institutions in Germany that offer study programmes. This includes 69 private colleges, 170 Universities of applied sciences, and 102 universities.
As per the survey reports by the Centre for Higher Education Development (CHE), which is considered to be the most comprehensive and most detailed comparison of German-Institutes.
The German Education System is having multiple facets and many types of institutions such as University of cooperative education, University, College of technology, and University of applied sciences. This helps students to select the best course for their needs. If your focus is more on practical knowledge, then University of applied sciences is for you; if your interest lies in the theoretical research, then you will be at a university.
Research centres: the university is the traditional form of higher education institution. Germany’s 102 universities flourished and interrelated with teaching and research. Most universities offer the full range of subjects. However, a university with a strong technological orientation is known as Technische Hochschule (TH, college of technology) or Technische Universität (TU, technical university).
Practical training: Germany’s 170 Fachhochschulen (FH, universities of applied sciences) have a strong practical orientation and close ties with the top notch companies worldwide. Social sector, design, business, and technology are the main areas that are focused here. However, it is not possible to complete a doctorate or law or medicine at a Fachhochschulen.
The art of learning: There are 53 state recognized colleges of film, music, and art usually only admit students who successfully complete an entrance examination. Germany’s 23 colleges of music are particularly popular with foreign students: the proportion of foreign students at these institutions is 35.7%. Although the entrance requirements for these arts colleges are high, the training provided here is excellent. The training is given on individual basis or in small groups.
For career beginners: Germany’s 38 Berufsakademie (BA, universities of cooperative education) are not Institutes of higher education, but some of their qualifications are identified as equivalent with of those universities of applied sciences. Berufsakademie offer specialized education in social sector, business, or technology with a vocational training programme. You can only study at a Berufsakademie if you have a trainee contract with an employer. Graduates have good job prospects with global players.
For self-payers: Germany’s 69 private colleges primarily offer small study groups, close ties with industry combined with a high level of practical orientation and short courses – for tuition fees ranging between 1,800 and 4,700 Euros a semester. However, not all private colleges meet expectations. It is very important to check whether a private university or college is state recognized. Otherwise its degrees will not be accepted, which can lead to major problems when looking for a job.
Tuition fees have been introduced in Germany by self-styled modernizers since its reunification in 1990. Initially, cultural differences between east and west caused for the delay of the plan. Also federal law has banned tuition fees and provisions assured free education in the constitutions of individual states. But then, the downpour of laws had swept through most of the federal states of Germany. Shifting some of the funding burden to individual beneficiaries became unbearable. This rooted the urge to follow the changes made elsewhere, incase in one’s own state should remain less well funded, and the public purse more stretched.
Germany has been a federal individual for most of its history. By 1630, Germany prides itself with two dozen universities and another two dozen sub-university institutions of great variety. Instead, the process of university reform was typically driven forward by new universities: The Humboldt University in Berlin, Bonn, Göttingen, Halle, and Wittenberg to name a few. By 1826, when the third English university was established, Germany had been peppered for centuries with dozens of venerable institutions to which local populations felt a sense of pride and connection.
After the disaster of the Third Reich, Germany slips back to its federal pattern and once again Education became one of the main responsibilities of individual states of Germany. In this event, powerful long-established local German Universities and local democracy has won over the nation’s federal system.
Some universities do not charge tuition fees, and some charge 500 Euros per semester. This depends on the Federal State/University. Semester contribution and Health Insurance Premiums (280 Euros) are the necessary expenses.
An international student has to incur near to 630 Euros to meet the monthly living expenses.
Tuition fee in Germany is low compared to other countries. Many universities and technical colleges are being sponsored by the state and charge a little amount to the students. All students need to pay semester fee of 150 to 250 Euros. This covers administration costs cafeteria bills, homes or sport facilities. In most cases with these fees one also gets a semester ticket that can be used for bus or train in the area. The private university/ technical colleges have more fees. Health insurance or traveling costs can increase.
In Germany there is a great experiment with tuition fees. The states had introduced tuition fees, but have withdrawn them. Tuition fees in Germany are modest ranging from €1,000, to above per year. The German Rectors’ Conference, which is the association of all universities, supports moderate tuition fees, while the students and faculty unions are opposing it.
The German Rectors’ Conference favors a model in which students defer tuition payments by taking loans. The most important issue is to secure adequate funding of universities. They have improved teaching, well constructed buildings, efficient machinery, quality research and no constraints for great competition. The proportion of the population in Germany that enters and graduates from higher education is increasing every year and the young people desire to go to university. Germany considers higher education as a human right and a belief enshrined in the United Nations’ Covenant. Education shall be made accessible to all, on the basis of individual capacity. It’s a means of the social contract.
There are many organizations in Germany that award scholarships and grants to international students. Also there are many private programs offered by business industry, politics and media.
The scholarships from the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) are good For European students from there is scholarships from the ERASMUS-Program. 8.000 Euros per year are required as an estimate.
The Federal Foreign Office of Germany offers scholarship, through the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). Generally these will go to outstanding foreign students, doctoral students, researchers, and graduates from academic disciplines or from music, art, and performing arts. These beneficiaries include a monthly payment based on academic level, accident insurance, travel expenses, and health insurance. Annually DAAD honors more than 70,000 scholars.
Students from Non European nations are allowed limited work.
After completion of their studies in Germany, students can extend their stay up to one year and search for jobs. People, who have a job offer in Germany, can get a permanent Settlement Permit.
Germany hopes for more highly-skilled migrants and has devised the new EU Blue Card to allow highly-skilled citizens of non-EU member states to live and work in Germany. There are Directives, which lay down the terms and conditions based on entitlement of citizens of non-EU member states to enter and reside in the EU.
If there is an intention to stay longer obtaining a residence permit is compulsory. For the residence permit a certificate of enrolment from the university, the registration from the authorities, proof of financing and valid health insurance are needed.
Working abilities determine the purpose of your residence. A residence permit for the purpose of studying is issued for two years and needs valid extension. Proper conduct of studies, taking up examinations and obtaining certificates are a must.
It is very tough to get immigrate in the European Union; however it has recently amended its immigration law to allow students to stay in the country after graduation. Not only can they study, but also work in their field of study.
For occupations where highly-skilled workers are short, salary level will be reduced to 34,944 Euros.